Ideally, at this stage, teens and young adults will have developed an appropriate level of self-motivation and self-discipline. Learning should be self-directed. This is indeed the case with many students. However, we don’t live in an ideal world. Some students at this age insist on their rights to be treated as young adults by their parents and teachers, but unfortunately, do not adhere to the responsibilities or duties attached to these rights. Encourage them, in a non-confrontational way, to see the link between rights and duties and to behave in a manner appropriate to their expected level of maturity. If this is not forthcoming, you have the right, (and the responsibility) as a parent to intervene. You may feel it necessary to act on some of the advice given in relation to Junior Cycle students. Try to communicate openly and honestly. Bear in mind the pressures of adolescence and be sensitive to their needs. Avoid alienation. Some compromises may be necessary. Seek a ‘win-win’. Your intervention may not be immediately appreciated but your insistence on high standards in terms of study habits may someday be rewarded with gratitude!